Creating Dangerously - Premiere Pro pt2
Gain vs Volume
There are multiple ways to adjust audio levels in Premiere Pro. Premiere uses the term gain to refer to level in the original file. Volume refers to the level adjustments to a clip or track in a sequence.
Adjusting Audio Levels
The levels of audio clips can be adjusted in the Timeline.
- Clip Keyframes adjust the level of a clip. The keyframes move with the clip if the clip is moved.
- This what you'll normally use.
- Track Keyframes adjust keyframes on the track. If a clip is moved the keyframe stay at their place in the track. They do not move with the clip.
- The Audio Mixer level will follow the Track Keyframes settings.
- Click the triangle next to the track name to expand the view of the track.
- Click the Show Keyframes button and select Show Clip Volume.
- Select the Pen Tool in the tool bar (press the P key on the keyboard.)
- Click on the yellow line on top off the waveform to create a Keyframe.
- Click and drag to create a Keyframe and change the levels.
- To adjust Keyframes select the Selection Tool (press the V key on the keyboard.)
- Click on the Keyframes to adjust the levels ( up or down) or the place in time (left or right).
Separating Audio and Video
- Separate embedded audio and video by right clicking on a clip and choose unlink.
- Re-link the same way.
- Group clips by clicking and dragging a selection, right click and select group. They will now move together as one clip.
- In the Project panel or Timeline select a clip and go to Clip > Audio Options > Audio Gain....
- The Audio Gain dialogue will open. It Displays the clips Peak Amplitude at the bottom of the window and has four options.
- Set Gain to: The gain can be set to a specific value. The value is always updated to the current gain.
- Adjust Gain by: The gain can be adjusted by + or - a specific decibel value.
- Normalize Max Peak to: This raises the max peak of the clip to the value set. For example if the peak is -3dB and it is normalized to -1dB the gain would be adjusted by -2 dB. If multiple clips are selected the clip with the max peak will be adjusted to the set value and all the other clips will be adjusted by the same amount preserving their relative gain differences.
- Normalize All Peaks to: When used with multiple clips, all of the clips will be normalized to the set value.
- Select the desired gain changed and set the value.
- Click OK
If you have a stereo audio file, or a stereo audio track in a video file, and you only want to use the left or right channel Premiere Pro has multiple ways of accomplishing this.
A common a example would be a stereo file with audio on the left channel and silence on the right channel.
- The Fill Left or Fill Right audio effects can be used to duplicate the audio from one channel to another.
- Think of the Effects as Fill From Left or Fill From Right.
- Example: if the file has narration on the left and silence on the right the Fill Left effect would duplicate the left side audio to the right side.
- Select the audio clip in the Timeline.
- Open the Effects panel.
- Expand the Audio Effects folder.
- Drag the Fill Left or Fill Right effect on the clip in the Timeline.
- Fill Left duplicates the left channel onto the right channel.
- Fill Right duplicates the right channel onto the left channel.
- Now the audio will playback on both channels. The waveform display in the Timeline will only show audio on one channel.
Breakout to Mono
The Breakout to Mono command creates mono audio master clips from a stereo audio or video clip. The clips reference the original file. No new media is created.
- Select a clip in the Project panel.
- Go to Clip > Audio Options > Breakout to Mono
- Two new clips will be created in the Project panel.
- The new clips will have the original file name with either Left or Right added to them.
Watch Full Screen
- Click on the Program panel to make it active.
- Press control and ~ (tilde), this will make the window full screen.
- To exit press escape.
When making significant changes such as speed adjustments, filters, transitions, movement, Premiere may need to "render" clips in order to playback material at full resolution.
- In the timeline grab the yellow edges of the gray work area bar to span over the red portion of the clips to be rendered.
- In the Program panel select the resolution drop down menu to be Full.
- From the top menu, go to Sequence > Render Entire Work Area.
- Wait for the processing window to complete - this may take a while.
- Watch full screen: click on the Program panel to make it the active window and press control tilde (~).