Difference between revisions of "Microphones in Audio Studio"

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Audio Studio Checkout is available for limited access to students working in intermediate to advanced audio curriculum. If you are enrolled in Audio Recording, Multitrack Composition, Advanced Audio Production or have an approved individual contract with facilities clearance you may use these resources. The equipment is for use in the campus studios only. You must reserve these items through the audio production work order system in Electronic Media.
+
Audio is a subjective field. Use your ears and good judgement to find out which mics you like for the different applications. The only thing that is not subjective is the fact that both ribbon and condenser microphones are more delicate and sensitive than dynamics, and thus easier to damage if treated carelessly or used to mic kick drums.
Equipment List
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; background: Lavender;"
Microphones
+
|-
 +
! TESC SKU !! Image !! Brand/Model !! Pattern !! Usage !! Dynamic / Condenser !! Battery Type!! Connection !! More details
 +
|-
 +
|MAA||[[File:Maa.png|frameless]]||AKG D202E
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Designed to eliminate proximity effect, very flat frequency response.    
 +
|D
 +
|||XLR
 +
||30HZ-15KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAB
 +
|[[File:Mab.png|frameless]]
 +
|AKG D224E
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Designed to handle high SPL, good midrange,
 +
-20db rear attenuation at all freqs    
 +
|D
 +
|||XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAE
 +
|[[File:Mae.png|frameless]]
 +
|AKG 460B
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Low self-noise. Equipped with low cut filters or 10db pad.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAF
 +
|[[File:Maf.png|frameless]]
 +
|AKG D112
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Used primarily on kick drums. Handles high SPL.    
 +
|D
 +
|||XLR
 +
|20HZ-17KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAH
 +
|[[File:Mah.png|frameless]]
 +
|AKG C414
 +
|VARIOUS
 +
|Large diaphragm condenser.
  
    1 AUDIO TECHNICA AT4060 tube cardioid
+
Used on instruments 
    1 AKG 414 condenser multi-pattern
+
|C
    2 AKG C 460B condenser cardioid
+
|48V
    2 AKG D112 dynamic cardioid
+
|XLR
    2 AKG D202 & 1 D200e dynamic cardioid
+
|20HZ-20KHZ
    1 AKG D224E dynamic cardioid
+
|-
    1 AKG D1000E dynamic cardioid
+
|MAN
    1 Avantone CK multi-pattern
+
|[[File:Man.png|frameless]]
    1 BEYER M160 ribbon hyper cardioid
+
|ASTON
    Cascade Fathead (2 Single Kits, 1 Double Kit)
+
    4 Chameleon Labs TS-1 Tube Condenser
+
    2 Chameleon Labs TS-2 lTube Condenser
+
    2 Coles 4038 Ribbon
+
    2 CROWN PZM condenser pressure zone
+
    2 EV 635A dynamic omni
+
    6 EV CS15 condenser cardioid; 1 with omni cap
+
    5 EV N/D 308B dynamic cardioid
+
    2 EV N/D 408B dynamic super-cardioid
+
    3 EV RE15 dynamic cardioid
+
    3 EV RE16 dynamic super-cardioid
+
    1 EV RE18 dynamic cardioid
+
    1 EV RE20 dynamic cardioid
+
    2 EV RE55 dynamic omni
+
    2 MARSHAL MXL2003 condenser cardioid
+
    2 NEUMANN KM83 condenser omni
+
    4 NEUMANN KM84 condenser cardioid
+
    1 NEUMANN U47 condenser cardioid
+
    3 NEUMANN U87 condenser variable pattern
+
    2 PPA LD-ONE condenser cardioid
+
    2 RCA 77DX ribbon variable pattern
+
    1 RODE NT4 Stereo Condenser
+
    1 ROYER R-121 ribbon bi-directional
+
    2 SE ELECTRONICS SE 5000 tube cardioid
+
    2 SE ELECTRONICS SE 5600 tube multi-pattern
+
    4 SENNHEISER 421 dynamic cardioid
+
    2 SENNHEISER 441 dynamic super cardioid
+
    1 SENNHEISER BINAURAL HEAD (Dr. Normar)
+
    1 SENNHEISER Combo electret condenser
+
    2 SHURE BETA 87A condenser super-cardioid
+
    2 SHURE KSM32 condenser cardioid
+
    2 SHURE KSM137 condenser cardioid
+
    1 SHURE SM7B dynamic cardioid
+
    1 SHURE SM53 dynamic cardioid
+
    7 SHURE SM57 dynamic cardioid
+
    5 SHURE SM58 dynamic cardioid
+
    2 SHURE SM81 condenser cardioid
+
    1 SHURE VP88 (Viper) condenser stereo
+
    2 STUDIO PROJECTS C4 condenser cardioid/omni
+
    1 SONY ECM22P electret condenser cardioid
+
    4 SONY ECM50 lavalier omni
+
    MISCELLANEOUS
+
    5 DIRECT BOXES
+
    2 MACKIE 1202 MIXERS
+
    2 EV CS15 power supplies
+
    1 Moviola amp
+
  
Microphone Descriptions and Uses
+
ORIGIN
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Large diaphragm condenser. Used on instruments and vocals    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAV
 +
|[[File:Mav.png|frameless]]
 +
|AUDIO
  
Here are some more specific details about each of our microphones. Unless otherwise noted, mics are cardioid.
+
TECHNICA
  
AUDIO TECHNICA AT4060: Tube preamp condenser. Nice transparent sound, not too bright. Includes power supply and shockmount.
+
4060
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Vacuum tube condenser. Used on vocals, instruments and amps.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MBN
 +
|[[File:Mbn.png|frameless]]
 +
|NEUMANN
  
AKG 414: Very nice, flat sensitive condenser. It has variable pick-up patterns of cardioid, hyper-cardioid, omni, or bi-directional. It also features bass roll-off and a pad.
+
KM-84
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Small diaphragm FET condenser. Used for drum overheads and on hi-hats    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-16KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MBO
 +
|[[File:Mbo.png|frameless]]
 +
|NEUMANN
  
AKG D112: Dynamic. Good for kick drums and lower end stuff.
+
U87
 +
|VARIOUS
 +
|Used for vocals. has low cut, 10db pad, and omni, cardioid, and figure 8 pickup switches    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MPB
 +
|[[File:Mbp.png|frameless]]
 +
|NEUMANN
  
AKG D202: Dynamic. These can be used in a pinch for kick drum.
+
KM-83
 +
|OMIN
 +
|The Omnidirectional equivalent of the km-84.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-16KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MBQ
 +
|[[File:Mpq.png|frameless]]
 +
|NEUMANN
  
AKG D224E: Dynamic. A bright, clean sound, great for acoustic guitar and strings. Has bass roll-off.
+
U47
  
AKG 460B: Condenser. Requires phantom power. Has roll off and pad settings. Extremely sensitive.
+
(FET)
 +
|HYPER
  
Avantone CK – 40 Multi-Pattern Stereo FET Microphone. Good for group vocals, acoustic guitar, mandolin, drum overheads, piano, room mic, etc…
+
CARDIOID
 +
|Large diaphragm FET condenser. Good for studio vocals.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-16KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MCK
 +
|[[File:Mck.png|frameless]]
 +
|AVANTONE
  
BEYER M160: Hyper-cardioid. This is a warm sounding ribbon microphone. Good for vocals, sax, mellower instruments. NOTE! There are two red dots on either side of the mic head. These must be aligned vertically, i.e.. up and down so you could draw a line through them to the floor. This is so the ribbon is properly positioned. Put the mic back in its case properly aligned.
+
CK-40
 +
|STEREO
  
Cascade Fathead: Similar to other ribbon mics with a relatively smooth frequency response. The Fathead boosts a bit in the upper mids. Less clarity and definition than the Coles. Handles high SPL. As with all ribbon microphones, the Fatheads are very fragile and will break if put close too large blasts of air like a kick drum or loud guitar speaker.
+
VARIOUS
 +
|Stereo condenser with adjustable pickup patterns and swiveling capsule. Good for recording a room or in a figure 8 pattern.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MCNT
 +
|[[File:Mcnt.png|frameless]]
 +
|RODE NT4
 +
|STEREO
  
Chameleon Labs TS-1 – 1 Tube condenser microphone. Can be used as an omni or cardiod mic. Great for instruments. Use a pop filter if using for vocals.
+
CARDIOID
 +
|Used for stereo recording of live performances, ensembles, etc    
 +
|C
 +
|
 +
9V BAT
  
Chameleon Labs TS-2 –Large diaphragm multipattern tube condenser microphone. Great used as a warm vocal microphone as well a providing the necessary detail for the human voice. Equally precise when recording guitar. Three different variable patterns: omni, cardiod, and figure eight.
+
ONLY
 +
|XLR OR 1/8"
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MCP
 +
|[[File:Mcp.png|frameless]]
 +
|CROWN
  
Coles 4038: Clear and smooth wide range frequency response, absent of transient distortion. Above average sensitivity for a ribbon microphone. As with all ribbon microphones, the Coles are very fragile and will break if put close to large blasts of air like a kick drum or loud guitar speaker.
+
PZM
 +
|HEMI-
  
CROWN PZM: Pressure Zone Microphone, hemispherical. Tape it on a wall, a table, whatever. Great for choral or orchestra recording, also for ambient sound. This mic can be used with phantom power or batteries.
+
SPHERICAL
 +
|Used for recording multiple voices in a conference or meeting setting. 
 +
|PZM
 +
|48V OR 2X9V BAT
 +
|XLR
 +
|50HZ-15KHZ
  
EV N/D 308B: Dynamic. Here we have a pivoting head for maximum flexibility and placement, with the neodymium alloy magnet. Popular on toms.
+
VARIES
 +
|-
 +
|MCS
 +
|[[File:Mcs.png|frameless]]
 +
|STUDIO
  
EV N/D 408B: Dynamic, super cardioid. Used best with instruments.
+
PROJECTS
  
EV 635A: Dynamic, omni. A basic mic. Smooth response pattern, no proximity effect.
+
C4
 +
|CARDIOID AND OMNI CAPSULES
 +
|Small diaphragm condenser. Used for overhead or stereo recording of instruments or ensembles.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MED
 +
|[[File:Med.png|frameless]]
 +
|ELECTRO
  
EV RE15: Dynamic. Good basic mic for percussion, guitar, etc. No proximity effect if the razor back (the slots on the back) are uncovered.
+
VOICE (EV)
  
EV RE16: Dynamic. Basically the same as the RE15 but super-cardioid with a windscreen. EV RE18: Dynamic, super cardioid. No proximity effect if the razor back (the slots on the back) are uncovered
+
635A
 +
|OMNI
 +
|
 +
A live interview microphone designed to eliminate plosives and other proximity effects.
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|80HZ-13KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEG
 +
|[[File:Meg.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV RE-16
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|
 +
Excellent for podium use where high intelligibility is important. 
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|80HZ-15KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEJ
 +
|[[File:Mej.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV RE-15
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|Used for broadcasting and instrument recordings. Also used to mic speaker cabinets.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|80HZ-15KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEM
 +
|[[File:Mem.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV RE-55
 +
|OMNI
 +
|Handheld vocal use for interviews or recording of orchestras etc.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEO
 +
|[[File:Meo.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV CS-15
 +
|CARDIOID, OMNI CAPSULES
 +
|Increased bass response at close proximities.  Handheld vocal use.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-18KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEP
 +
|[[File:Mep.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV RE-20
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Very popular vocal recording mic, used extensively in broadcasting.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|45HZ-18KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MER
 +
|[[File:Mer.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV RE-18
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|Designed to reduce microphone handling noise. Used for spoken word/announcing.    
 +
|D
 +
|||XLR
 +
|80HZ-15KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MES
 +
|[[File:Mes.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV 408B
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|Instrument mic, used mostly on instruments with high SPL, drums, horns, etc. 
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-19KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MET
 +
|[[File:Met.png|frameless]]
 +
|EV 308B
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Slightly less directional version of the 408b. Instrument mic.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|45HZ-18KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEW
 +
|[[File:Mew.png|frameless]]
 +
|EARTH
  
EV RE20: Dynamic. Everybody’s favorite kick drum mic. Also used for sax and vocals. EV RE55: Dynamic, omni. These mics have the flattest response around, which means you get very accurate sound reproduction.
+
WORKS
  
EV CS15: Condenser. Good for drum overheads and whatever. One of these mics comes equipped with a capsule that can be put on to change the mic to omni-directional. NOTE! There are also two power supplies available that enable you to use the microphones in situations where you normally couldn’t due to lack of phantom power.
+
TC 20
 +
|OMNI
 +
|Reference flat microphone, 150db SPL rating, used for calibration or for very loud instruments/sound effects    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|10HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MFH
 +
|[[File:Mfh.png|frameless]]
 +
|CASCADE
  
MARSHAL MXL2003: Condenser. Large diaphragm condenser with bass roll off or pad. Includes shock mount. Requires phantom power.
+
FATHEAD
 +
|FIGURE 8
 +
|Used for mid-side pickup, and on instruments and vocals.    
 +
|RIBBON
 +
|NO
 +
|XLR
 +
|60HZ-8KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHA
 +
|[[File:Mha.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE SM58
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|
 +
Suitable for vocal use in live performance, sound reinforcement, and studio recording.
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|50HZ-18KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHB
 +
|[[File:Mhb.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE
  
NEUMANN U47: Condenser. Nice for acoustic guitar, vocals. Has bass roll off. Requires phantom power.
+
BETA
  
NEUMANN U87: Condenser. Variable pick-up pattern, pad, and roll off. Good for just about everything, excluding drums and other loud things. Requires phantom power.
+
87A
 +
|SUPERCARDIOD
 +
|Hand held vocal mic
  
NEUMANN KM83: Condenser, omni. A sweet little mic, good for whatever you’d use a nice omni condenser for. Requires phantom power.
+
good feedback rejection  
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHD
 +
|[[File:Mhd.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE SM53
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Vintage hand held vocal mic, designed for low proximity effect.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|70HZ-16KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHE
 +
|[[File:Mhe.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE SM57
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|good for live sound reinforcement, instruments and vocals. bright, clean sound.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-15KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHF
 +
|[[File:Mhf.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE SM81
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Used on instruments, popular for pianos.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHG
 +
|[[File:Mhg.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE VP88
 +
|CARDIOID,
  
NEUMANN KM84: Condenser. Same as the 83, only cardioid. Used often for drum overheads. Requires phantom power.
+
FIGURE 8
 +
|Stereo recording mic used in broadcasting.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHK
 +
|[[File:Mhk.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE KSM32
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|General purpose condenser mic, useable for vocals/instruments etc. equipped with -15db and low cut switches.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHM
 +
|[[File:Mhm.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE KSM137
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Small diaphragm condenser designed for instruments.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MHS
 +
|[[File:Mhs.png|frameless]]
 +
|SHURE SM7B
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Shure’s response to the EV RE-20, a popular broadcasting vocal mic.    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|50HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MEF
 +
|[[File:BETA52A.JPG|frameless|155x155px]]
 +
|SHURE BETA 52A
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|Supercardioid specifically for kick drums
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-
 +
10KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MML
 +
|[[File:Mml.png|frameless]]
 +
|MARSHAL
  
PPA LD-ONE Condenser. Large diaphragm condenser. Includes shock mount. Requires phantom power.
+
MXL2003
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|General purpose condenser mic, useable on vocals, instruments, ensembles etc    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|20HZ-23KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MNA
 +
|[[File:Mna.png|frameless]]
 +
|SENNHEISER 421
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Vocal or instrument mic popular in studios    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|30HZ-17KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MKH
 +
|[[File:MKH40.jpg|centre|frameless|152x152px]]
 +
|SENNHEISER MKH 40
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|The MKH 40 P 48 is a high frequency condenser microphone with an excellent frequency range.
 +
|C
 +
|48V
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-
 +
20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MAD
 +
|[[File:E605.JPG|frameless|160x160px]]
 +
|SENNHEISER
 +
E604 DRUM MIC KIT
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Mic kit specifically built for snare drums. Emphasis on mid and high frequencies, with a fairly clear low frequency clarity. Based on MD 421 technology.
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-
 +
18KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MNC
 +
|[[File:Mnc.png|frameless]]
 +
|MNC CONDENSER COMBO KIT
 +
|VARIOUS
 +
|Useful for field recording, comes with various pickup patterns for versatility of recording.    
 +
|C
 +
|48V OR AA
 +
|XLR
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|MND
 +
|[[File:Mnd.png|frameless]]
 +
|SENNHEISER 441
 +
|SUPERCARDIOID
 +
|Vocal and instrument mic equipped with a 5 position bass roll off switch and a treble boost switch    
 +
|D
 +
|
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MNE
 +
|[[File:Mne.png|frameless]]
 +
|DR.NORMAR'S BINAURAL HEAD
 +
(MKE 2002)
 +
|OMNI
 +
|Sennheiser binaural microphone pair, for recording a 3d stereo field for playback over headphones. 
 +
|C
 +
|9V ONLY
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-20KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MOF
 +
|[[File:Mof.png|frameless]]
 +
|SONY ECM50
 +
|OMNI
 +
|Vintage lavalier vocal mic    
 +
|C
 +
|48V
  
RCA 77DX: Ribbon mic, with that great old radio days look. Variable pick-up pattern. This is an especially delicate microphone, with the warmth and mellowness characteristic of ribbon mics. Be gentle. NOTE! It comes with a mic stand adapter, as it was made in the days when stands were bulkier. Make sure you receive the adapter when checking the microphone out, and don’t forget to return it with the mic. The adapter should be screwed into the clamp at the base of the mic.
+
OR E90
  
RODE NT4: Designed for field or studio use. Transparent sound reproduction. Provides and accurate representation of stereo field. Good for room micing, live performances, choirs and field recording.
+
BAT
 +
|XLR
 +
|40HZ-14KHZ
 +
|-
 +
|MOH
 +
|[[File:Moh.png|frameless]]
 +
|SONY ECM22P
 +
|CARDIOID
 +
|Instrument/vocal mic, can use external phantom power or battery power between 3.7 and 9 volts    
 +
|C
 +
|206 BAT OR
  
ROYER R-121: Ribbon, bi-directional. The Royer logo is on the front side of the mic. It is very sensitive to bursts of air. Use a windscreen when close micing vocals and wind instruments.
+
48V
 
+
|XLR
SE ELECTRONICS SE 5000 Tube. Large diaphragm tube condenser. Includes shockmount, power supply and multi-pin cable.
+
|40HZ-15KHZ
 
+
|-
SE ELECTRONICS SE 5600 Tube multi-pattern. Large diaphragm tube condenser. It has nine different pick-up patterns. Includes shockmount, power supply and multi-pin cable.
+
|MPP
 
+
|[[File:Mpp.png|frameless]]
SENNHEISER 421: Dynamic. Roll off switch on barrel by the XLR jack. M=Music (flat) S=Speech (maximum roll off) This is an ideal mic for just about anything, including kick drum.
+
|PACIFIC PRO LD1
 
+
|CARDIOID
SENNHEISER 441: Dynamic super-cardioid. A little bigger than the 421, also an excellent microphone. Has the roll off and a presence boost switch under the clamp on the bottom.
+
|Large diaphragm condenser, used for vocals, instruments, ensembles etc    
 
+
|C
SENNHEISER BINAURAL HEAD: More affectionately known as Dr. Normar. It enables you to record sounds the way your ears hear them, and consists of the head and a set of microphones. You can either wear the mics, or put them on the head and carry it around. Binaural recordings must be played back on headphones to receive the full impact of this technique.
+
|48V
 
+
|XLR
SENNHEISER COMBO: Condenser, multi-capsule. This mic comes with three interchangeable capsules; shotgun, cardioid, and omni. Requires phantom power or batteries (which are supplied).
+
|20HZ-20KHZ
 
+
|-
SHURE BETA87A: Condenser, super-cardioid. Vocal mic designed for live sound use. Requires phantom power.
+
|MRB
 
+
|[[File:Mrb.png|frameless]]
SHURE KSM32: Condenser. Large diaphragm condenser. It has a 2 position bass roll-off and a -15 dB pad. Requires phantom power.
+
|BEYER M160
 
+
|HYPERCARDIOID
SHURE KSM137: Condenser. It has a 2 position bass roll off and a 2 position pad. Requires phantom power.
+
|Designed for instruments, popular on strings.    
 
+
|RIBBON
SHURE SM7: Dynamic. Vocal mic often used for radio announcers. It has a bass roll off and a mid boost switch on the bottom.
+
|
 
+
|XLR
SHURE SM53: Dynamic.
+
|40HZ-18KHZ
 
+
|-
SHURE SM57: Dynamic. A good basic mic, used a lot for snare drums and guitars.
+
|MRC
 
+
|[[File:Mrc.png|frameless]]
SHURE SM58: Dynamic. A very dependable mic. Same as the 57 except for the addition of a windscreen. Good for vocals.
+
|COLES 4038
 
+
|FIGURE 8
SHURE SM81: Condenser. Excellent overhead mic. This mic can be run off the CS15’s portable power supply or requires phantom power. Bass roll off, pad.
+
|Vocal/instrument mic, popular with BBC broadcasting and recording studios.    
 
+
|RIBBON
SHURE VP88 (Viper): Condenser, stereo. The width of the stereo field can be adjusted and the two pickup elements can also be recorded separated. Requires phantom power or batteries.
+
|
 
+
|XLR
SONY ECM50: Condenser (electret), omni. Requires a battery in the XLR plug body. This is a lavelier, i.e. small lapel mic. Some people use it for hi-hat. Can be used inside acoustic instruments like harps, bass, etc.
+
|30HZ-15KHZ
 
+
|-
SONY ECM22P: Condenser (electret). Good for an overhead pair. Power switch has roll off settings M=flat V= roll off.
+
|MRR
 
+
|[[File:Mrr.png|frameless]]
STUDIO PROJECTS C4: Condenser. These mics come in a case as a pair. There is a cardioid and an omni capsule for each mic. The cardioid capsules have circular ports around the base of the capsule. Includes shockmounts.
+
|RCA 77DX
 
+
|VARIOUS
The above suggestions for which mics to use on certain instruments are just that, suggestions. Audio is a subjective field. Use your ears and good judgement to find out which mics you like for the different applications. The only thing that is not subjective is the fact that both ribbon and condenser microphones are more delicate and sensitive than the dynamics, and thus easier to damage if treated carelessly or used to mic kick drums.
+
|Vintage ribbon mic, featuring cardioid, omni, and figure 8 polar patterns. Popular in broadcasting for vocals.    
Additional Worthwhile Equipment and What It's Good for
+
|RIBBON
 
+
|
In addition to all those great mics and signal processing devices, we have some other fun and useful things.
+
|XLR
 
+
|20HZ-20KHZ
KEYS: We have the keys to the studios, which come in handy.
+
|-
 
+
|MRY
JUNCTION BOXES: These let you split the signal from a headphone-out jack into five more headphone jacks.
+
|[[File:Mry.png|frameless|100x100px]]
 
+
|ROYER R121
DIRECT BOXES: Enable you to take the output of an electric guitar, synth, bass, etc., and split the signal so you can simultaneously take the direct signal to the mixing board AND run it to an amp .
+
|FIGURE 8
 
+
|High quality ribbon instrument mic.    
TRANSFORMERS and BARRELS: All the barrel adapters are officially General Access Media Loan. We have hi-lows and medium-lows, bridging transformers, phase reverse barrels, line to mic (60dB) pads, presence boosters, and high and low pass filters.
+
|RIBBON
 
+
|
MACKIE 1202 MIXER: 4 mono mic/line inputs and 4 stereo line inputs plus 2 aux sends. Mic or line level out. Supplies phantom power. LEXICON MXP-100: Reverb and effects processor. 4 Media Loan Audio studio checkout
+
|XLR
 
+
|40HZ-18KHZ
MOVIOLA AMP - Originally used in editing film audio it is also a good low wattage tube guitar amp and has been described as a stripped down Fender Champ. It has a small speaker or the headphone jack can be used to hook up an external speaker cabinet with a 1/4” speaker cable.
+
|-
Other Stuff That's Good to Know
+
|MTS
 
+
|[[File:Mts.png|frameless|110x110px]]
When requesting equipment, you don’t need to ask for microphone stands or mic cords, as there are closets in every studio containing these items. Every control room has a cassette deck and a CD recorder. The studios also come equipped with umbilical cords which adapt directly from the patchbay to various connector types and are useful for hooking up signal processing and other external devices. If you check out an item that appears damaged or doesn't work properly, PLEASE remember to tell us when you return it, so we can get it fixed.
+
|CHAMELEON LABS TS-1
 
+
|OMNI,  
This equipment is for use in the campus recording studios and for academic projects. If you need equipment for off-campus use or for a production outside of the studios talk to an Electronic Media staff member. The DAT recorders are for off-campus field recording. They can be checked out with a stereo mic, shotgun, lavalier or a basic dynamic mic. The expensive condenser and ribbon mics are not for field recording.
+
CARDIOID
 
+
|Small diaphragm tube mic, used primarily on instruments    
REMEMBER no food or drinks in the control rooms. Avoid dust and moisture at all times. Carrying cases and tarps are available in Media Loan.
+
|C
Reservation Orders
+
|EXT
 
+
|XLR
Reservation orders are used to schedule the control rooms for the 8-track studios, the Orchestra Rehearsal (COM 111A), the Recital Hall (COM 212A) and the 16 -Track Studio (COM 118/119), and to reserve keys and equipment from Audio Studio at Media Loan. The following steps are required when filling out a production order.
+
|20HZ-20KHZ
 
+
|-
The calendars for scheduling the control rooms and studios are located in the Communications Building Information Office (COM 302A). The Information Office Assistant will locate the calendar of the control room you are attempting to schedule and see if there is any time available for you. Available time is identified by blank spaces on the calendar, without anyone else’s name written in. If you are only using the control room you can PENCIL yourself into the desired time. When your control room time is confirmed, it will be penned in by the Audio Intern. You must turn in a work order if you pencil in a time. We will erase times that do not have a corresponding work order.
+
|MTS2
 
+
|[[File:Mts2.png|frameless|100x100px]]
The recording spaces for the Orchestra Rehearsal (COM 110) and Recital Hall (COM 107) are scheduled separately from the control rooms. COM 119 is automatically reserved with the 16-Track Studio but you can reserve the Chorus Rehearsal (COM 117) as a second recording space if needed. If you need the recording space associated with a control room the Information Office Assistant can schedule the room when you schedule the control room.
+
|CHAMELEON LABS TS-2
 
+
|VARIOUS
After a time is penciled on the calendar you must complete an Audio Studio Reservation Work Order. Blank work orders and the drop box for completed orders are located outside the Information Office. The reservation order has lots of boxes and spaces requesting various equipment information. Please make sure to fill in the spaces near the bottom that ask for the time the equipment will be checked out, and by whom. Proceed to fill out the order to the fullest extent possible, requesting specific mics, and indicating what instruments or sounds you are recording. If a mic you request is not available we will substitute another mic. Remember to sign the work order.
+
|Large diaphragm tube condenser, used primarily on vocals. 
 
+
|C
Your next step is to drop the completed form in the red drop box. The forms will be processed in the order in which they were received. Forms are processed Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings at 9:00. You must have your work order turned in time for it to be processed and have the reservation set up the night before. For example if you need equipment on Friday we need the work order by 9:00 Wednesday morning. We do not process same-day orders for equipment. You can turn in a sameday work order for keys for control room access. For example you can turn in a work order Friday morning to get control room keys for Friday afternoon.
+
|EXT
 
+
|XLR
The form will be sent to Media Loan where we reserve the available equipment for you. Equipment is reserved on a first come, first served basis, so the sooner you get your reservation orders in, the better chance you have of getting that high-demand equipment. Plan ahead. You can reserve time four weeks in advance.
+
|20HZ-20KHZ
 
+
|-
After the work orders are processed you should check to see if everything was approved. First, it’s possible that your form wasn’t processed because of a problem in the request. Problem orders are at Media Loan with the completed work orders. After the equipment is reserved at Media Loan the white copies of the work orders are available at Media Loan. Ask someone at the desk and they will give you your copy. You should check these to know what equipment was available for you. If you request excessive numbers of items, we will delete them. A maximum of 2 large diaphragm condensers are available per checkout unless otherwise arranged. Remember, there are many users for these items. It is helpful if you indicate on the production order below the requested mic what you would like a specific substitution if it becomes necessary. To minimize substitutions and unfilled orders, please return equipment as soon as possible after your session.
+
|MSV
 
+
|[[File:Msv.png|frameless]]
When equipment is not available we write NA (Not Available) beside the item on your reservation order. When you check back with Media Loan, you are entitled to the white copy of the reservation order. The yellow copy resides in EM’s files.
+
|SE ELECTRONICS SE 5000
 
+
|
Do NOT request General Access Media Loan equipment on Audio Studio reservation orders. If you need General Access equipment, go to Media Loan and reserve it yourself.
+
|Large diaphragm tube condenser, used on vocals    
 
+
|C
Sometimes you might need to cancel your studio time or equipment reservation, which is fine. It is important, however, to let Media Loan , the Audio Intern and the Com building know as soon in advance as possible, so the time and equipment can be available to someone else. The Audio Intern can be reached at 360-867-5848 or in COM 349.
+
|EXT
Late Night Access
+
|XLR
 
+
|
You need to sign a Late-Night Access Covenant to be able to schedule the studios after the COM Building closes. The covenant will be covered in class and contract students should contact the COM Information Office. You must be in the building before it is locked, you can not let other students into the building and you must leave by 2 AM. If you violate the policies in the covenant your access will be suspended until you meet with the COM Building staff, and egregious violations could result in the loss of late-night access or permanent loss of access. You need to sign a LNA covenant every academic year.
+
|-
Important Policies
+
|MSZ
 
+
|[[File:Msz.png|frameless]]
Only use the studios during your scheduled times. Log in and out of the logbook. Return mics and keys to Media Loan promptly. Keeping equipment and/or keys overdue during break weeks is a very serious offense. No food or drinks in the control rooms. Alcohol, drugs and smoking are not allowed in anywhere in the building. Do not let other people into the building or control rooms. Do not remove equipment from one room to another. Borrowing mic cables or stands is acceptable if you return them to the original room but do not move or change connections in installed equipment. If you notice something missing and the removal is not in the logbook contact staff immediately.
+
|SE ELECTRONICS SE 5600
Policy Violations
+
|
 
+
|Large diaphragm tube condenser, used on vocals    
Any violations of studio policies will result in the temporary loss of studio access until you meet with Electronic Media and Communications Building staff and your faculty. Serious violations could result in your access being limited to daytime hours. Egregious violations such as drug, alcohol and tobacco use in the studios or control rooms and/or damage or theft of equipment will result in immediate and permanent loss of studio access.
+
|C
Evaluation Week
+
|EXT
 
+
|XLR
Studios and equipment are not available for production use during evaluation week. Media Loan only checks out equipment for evaluation purposes. You can reserve time for the control rooms for mixing.
+
|
Summer Use
+
|}
 
+
During the summer Audio Studio is closed unless there is a specific class using the studios. Scheduling and reservation procedures may be slightly different and will be explained in class
+
  
 
[[Category:Media Loan]]
 
[[Category:Media Loan]]

Latest revision as of 08:04, 7 September 2018

Audio is a subjective field. Use your ears and good judgement to find out which mics you like for the different applications. The only thing that is not subjective is the fact that both ribbon and condenser microphones are more delicate and sensitive than dynamics, and thus easier to damage if treated carelessly or used to mic kick drums.

TESC SKU Image Brand/Model Pattern Usage Dynamic / Condenser Battery Type Connection More details
MAA Maa.png AKG D202E CARDIOID Designed to eliminate proximity effect, very flat frequency response.     D XLR 30HZ-15KHZ
MAB Mab.png AKG D224E CARDIOID Designed to handle high SPL, good midrange,

-20db rear attenuation at all freqs    

D XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MAE Mae.png AKG 460B CARDIOID Low self-noise. Equipped with low cut filters or 10db pad.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MAF Maf.png AKG D112 CARDIOID Used primarily on kick drums. Handles high SPL.     D XLR 20HZ-17KHZ
MAH Mah.png AKG C414 VARIOUS Large diaphragm condenser.

Used on instruments 

C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MAN Man.png ASTON

ORIGIN

CARDIOID Large diaphragm condenser. Used on instruments and vocals     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MAV Mav.png AUDIO

TECHNICA

4060

CARDIOID Vacuum tube condenser. Used on vocals, instruments and amps.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MBN Mbn.png NEUMANN

KM-84

CARDIOID Small diaphragm FET condenser. Used for drum overheads and on hi-hats     C 48V XLR 40HZ-16KHZ
MBO Mbo.png NEUMANN

U87

VARIOUS Used for vocals. has low cut, 10db pad, and omni, cardioid, and figure 8 pickup switches     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MPB Mbp.png NEUMANN

KM-83

OMIN The Omnidirectional equivalent of the km-84.     C 48V XLR 40HZ-16KHZ
MBQ Mpq.png NEUMANN

U47

(FET)

HYPER

CARDIOID

Large diaphragm FET condenser. Good for studio vocals.     C 48V XLR 40HZ-16KHZ
MCK Mck.png AVANTONE

CK-40

STEREO

VARIOUS

Stereo condenser with adjustable pickup patterns and swiveling capsule. Good for recording a room or in a figure 8 pattern.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MCNT Mcnt.png RODE NT4 STEREO

CARDIOID

Used for stereo recording of live performances, ensembles, etc     C

9V BAT

ONLY

XLR OR 1/8" 20HZ-20KHZ
MCP Mcp.png CROWN

PZM

HEMI-

SPHERICAL

Used for recording multiple voices in a conference or meeting setting.  PZM 48V OR 2X9V BAT XLR 50HZ-15KHZ

VARIES

MCS Mcs.png STUDIO

PROJECTS

C4

CARDIOID AND OMNI CAPSULES Small diaphragm condenser. Used for overhead or stereo recording of instruments or ensembles.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MED Med.png ELECTRO

VOICE (EV)

635A

OMNI

A live interview microphone designed to eliminate plosives and other proximity effects.

D XLR 80HZ-13KHZ
MEG Meg.png EV RE-16 SUPERCARDIOID

Excellent for podium use where high intelligibility is important. 

D XLR 80HZ-15KHZ
MEJ Mej.png EV RE-15 SUPERCARDIOID Used for broadcasting and instrument recordings. Also used to mic speaker cabinets.     D XLR 80HZ-15KHZ
MEM Mem.png EV RE-55 OMNI Handheld vocal use for interviews or recording of orchestras etc.     D XLR 40HZ-20KHZ
MEO Meo.png EV CS-15 CARDIOID, OMNI CAPSULES Increased bass response at close proximities.  Handheld vocal use.     C 48V XLR 40HZ-18KHZ
MEP Mep.png EV RE-20 CARDIOID Very popular vocal recording mic, used extensively in broadcasting.     D XLR 45HZ-18KHZ
MER Mer.png EV RE-18 SUPERCARDIOID Designed to reduce microphone handling noise. Used for spoken word/announcing.     D XLR 80HZ-15KHZ
MES Mes.png EV 408B SUPERCARDIOID Instrument mic, used mostly on instruments with high SPL, drums, horns, etc.  D XLR 40HZ-19KHZ
MET Met.png EV 308B CARDIOID Slightly less directional version of the 408b. Instrument mic.     D XLR 45HZ-18KHZ
MEW Mew.png EARTH

WORKS

TC 20

OMNI Reference flat microphone, 150db SPL rating, used for calibration or for very loud instruments/sound effects     C 48V XLR 10HZ-20KHZ
MFH Mfh.png CASCADE

FATHEAD

FIGURE 8 Used for mid-side pickup, and on instruments and vocals.     RIBBON NO XLR 60HZ-8KHZ
MHA Mha.png SHURE SM58 CARDIOID

Suitable for vocal use in live performance, sound reinforcement, and studio recording.

D XLR 50HZ-18KHZ
MHB Mhb.png SHURE

BETA

87A

SUPERCARDIOD Hand held vocal mic

good feedback rejection  

C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MHD Mhd.png SHURE SM53 CARDIOID Vintage hand held vocal mic, designed for low proximity effect.     D XLR 70HZ-16KHZ
MHE Mhe.png SHURE SM57 CARDIOID good for live sound reinforcement, instruments and vocals. bright, clean sound.     D XLR 40HZ-15KHZ
MHF Mhf.png SHURE SM81 CARDIOID Used on instruments, popular for pianos.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MHG Mhg.png SHURE VP88 CARDIOID,

FIGURE 8

Stereo recording mic used in broadcasting.     C 48V XLR 40HZ-20KHZ
MHK Mhk.png SHURE KSM32 CARDIOID General purpose condenser mic, useable for vocals/instruments etc. equipped with -15db and low cut switches.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MHM Mhm.png SHURE KSM137 CARDIOID Small diaphragm condenser designed for instruments.     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MHS Mhs.png SHURE SM7B CARDIOID Shure’s response to the EV RE-20, a popular broadcasting vocal mic.     D XLR 50HZ-20KHZ
MEF BETA52A.JPG SHURE BETA 52A SUPERCARDIOID Supercardioid specifically for kick drums D XLR 20HZ-

10KHZ

MML Mml.png MARSHAL

MXL2003

CARDIOID General purpose condenser mic, useable on vocals, instruments, ensembles etc     C 48V XLR 20HZ-23KHZ
MNA Mna.png SENNHEISER 421 CARDIOID Vocal or instrument mic popular in studios     D XLR 30HZ-17KHZ
MKH
MKH40.jpg
SENNHEISER MKH 40 CARDIOID The MKH 40 P 48 is a high frequency condenser microphone with an excellent frequency range. C 48V XLR 40HZ-

20KHZ

MAD E605.JPG SENNHEISER

E604 DRUM MIC KIT

CARDIOID Mic kit specifically built for snare drums. Emphasis on mid and high frequencies, with a fairly clear low frequency clarity. Based on MD 421 technology. D XLR 40HZ-

18KHZ

MNC Mnc.png MNC CONDENSER COMBO KIT VARIOUS Useful for field recording, comes with various pickup patterns for versatility of recording.     C 48V OR AA XLR
MND Mnd.png SENNHEISER 441 SUPERCARDIOID Vocal and instrument mic equipped with a 5 position bass roll off switch and a treble boost switch     D XLR 40HZ-20KHZ
MNE Mne.png DR.NORMAR'S BINAURAL HEAD

(MKE 2002)

OMNI Sennheiser binaural microphone pair, for recording a 3d stereo field for playback over headphones.  C 9V ONLY XLR 40HZ-20KHZ
MOF Mof.png SONY ECM50 OMNI Vintage lavalier vocal mic     C 48V

OR E90

BAT

XLR 40HZ-14KHZ
MOH Moh.png SONY ECM22P CARDIOID Instrument/vocal mic, can use external phantom power or battery power between 3.7 and 9 volts     C 206 BAT OR

48V

XLR 40HZ-15KHZ
MPP Mpp.png PACIFIC PRO LD1 CARDIOID Large diaphragm condenser, used for vocals, instruments, ensembles etc     C 48V XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MRB Mrb.png BEYER M160 HYPERCARDIOID Designed for instruments, popular on strings.     RIBBON XLR 40HZ-18KHZ
MRC Mrc.png COLES 4038 FIGURE 8 Vocal/instrument mic, popular with BBC broadcasting and recording studios.     RIBBON XLR 30HZ-15KHZ
MRR Mrr.png RCA 77DX VARIOUS Vintage ribbon mic, featuring cardioid, omni, and figure 8 polar patterns. Popular in broadcasting for vocals.     RIBBON XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MRY Mry.png ROYER R121 FIGURE 8 High quality ribbon instrument mic.     RIBBON XLR 40HZ-18KHZ
MTS Mts.png CHAMELEON LABS TS-1 OMNI,

CARDIOID

Small diaphragm tube mic, used primarily on instruments     C EXT XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MTS2 Mts2.png CHAMELEON LABS TS-2 VARIOUS Large diaphragm tube condenser, used primarily on vocals.  C EXT XLR 20HZ-20KHZ
MSV Msv.png SE ELECTRONICS SE 5000 Large diaphragm tube condenser, used on vocals     C EXT XLR
MSZ Msz.png SE ELECTRONICS SE 5600 Large diaphragm tube condenser, used on vocals     C EXT XLR