Difference between revisions of "Zoom Recorders Workshop"

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*[[Microphone_Basics | Media Loan Microphone Guide]]
 
*[[Microphone_Basics | Media Loan Microphone Guide]]
*[[Zoom_H4n_Audio_Recorder_Operating_Guide | Media Loan Zoom Recorder Guide]]
+
*[[Zoom H4n Audio Recorder Operating Guide]]
 +
*[[Zoom H6n Audio Recorder Operating Guide]]
  
 
===Microphone Types===
 
===Microphone Types===
 
* Dynamic Mics
 
* Dynamic Mics
 
** Can withstand louder noises, rugged pickup elements.
 
** Can withstand louder noises, rugged pickup elements.
** No power needed
+
** No power needed.
 
* Condenser Mics
 
* Condenser Mics
 
** More sensitive to quieter noises, and more delicate pickup elements.
 
** More sensitive to quieter noises, and more delicate pickup elements.
** Needs power supplied through a battery, or through phantom power on zoom recorder.
+
*** Still capable of withstanding loud noises, but may require using a "Pad" (something to reduce the volume of the incoming signal; often located ''on'' the microphone).
 +
** Needs power supplied through a battery, or through phantom power (+48V) on zoom recorder.
  
 
===Microphone Pickup Patterns===
 
===Microphone Pickup Patterns===
* Omni: picks up sound from all directions.
+
* Omni: Picks up sound from all directions.
* Cardioid: picks up sound from front:
+
* Cardioid: Picks up sound in front of microphone ("Directional").
** Proximity Effect:  low frequencies are boosted as mic is closer to the source.
+
** Proximity Effect:  Low frequencies are boosted as mic gets closer to the source.
 
* Super-Cardioid: Picks up from front with a narrower pattern.
 
* Super-Cardioid: Picks up from front with a narrower pattern.
 +
** Good for blocking out unwanted sounds in the vacinity of the recording.
  
 
===Microphones Categories===
 
===Microphones Categories===
 
* Handheld
 
* Handheld
* Lavaliere:  small clip-on attaches to clothing for vocal only recording.
+
* Lavaliere:  small clip-on microphones that attach to clothing; almost exclusively used for vocal recording.
  
 
===Connector Types===
 
===Connector Types===
# XLR = used at the bottom of the recorder for an external microphone (1 & 2).
+
The Zoom recorders make use of receptacles called "Combo Jacks" which allow the user to plug in ''either'' an XLR connector or a 1/4" connector.
# Mini or 1/8 inch = will not work with zoom.
+
# XLR = used at the bottom (H4n) or sides (H6n) of the recorder for use with external microphones; mic-level input signals ''must'' use these XLR connectors.
 +
# 1/4" = used at the bottom (H4n) or sides (H6n) of the recorder for use with line-level and instrument-level input signals; line-level input signals ''must'' use these 1/4" connectors.
 +
#* Examples of line-level signals:  Phone, iPod, laptop.
 +
#* Examples of instrument-level signals:  Electric guitars, acoustic instruments with 1/4" outs.
 +
# Mini or 1/8 inch = for headphones.
  
 
===Mic Usage Tips===
 
===Mic Usage Tips===
 
* Use a stand if possible to reduce noise (table, or floor)
 
* Use a stand if possible to reduce noise (table, or floor)
 
* Listen for:
 
* Listen for:
** handling noise
+
** Handling noise
** proximity effect
+
** Proximity effect
** popped p's
+
** Popped p's (aka "Plosives")
* Signal to noise ratio
+
* Signal-to-Noise Ratio
 
** The closer you are to your source with your microphone the higher the signal to noise ratio
 
** The closer you are to your source with your microphone the higher the signal to noise ratio
 
** The further away you are from your source the more unwanted noise gets into your recording.
 
** The further away you are from your source the more unwanted noise gets into your recording.
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*Mic cables
 
*Mic cables
 
*Headphones
 
*Headphones
*Extension cables
+
*Extension cords (for power, if needed)
*Desk stand, floor stand, microphone handle
+
*Mic stands:  Desk stand, floor stand/boom stand, microphone handle
 
*Microphones:
 
*Microphones:
**Recommended for vocal recording > SM-58, SM-57, Sennheiser 421, ECM-50 Lavolier
+
**Recommended for vocal recording > SM-58, SM-57, EV RE-27, Sennheiser 421, ECM-50 Lavalier
 
*Extra AA batteries
 
*Extra AA batteries
  
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* Format memory card before use, and before returning to Media Loan.
 
* Format memory card before use, and before returning to Media Loan.
 
*[[Zoom_H4n_Audio_Recorder_Operating_Guide | Media Loan Zoom Recorder Guide]]
 
*[[Zoom_H4n_Audio_Recorder_Operating_Guide | Media Loan Zoom Recorder Guide]]
* [[H4N Zoom Recorder - Menu System]]
+
*[[H4N Zoom Recorder - Menu System]]
 +
*[[Zoom H6n Audio Recorder Operating Guide]]
  
  
 
===Recording Checklist for Single Narrator Recording===
 
===Recording Checklist for Single Narrator Recording===
 
Select a controlled and quiet recording location. Avoid noisy public locations (like restaurants, or areas near a road). If possible, eliminate background noises (turn off stereos, TV’s, fans, air circulation vents). A room with carpeting and furniture will typically sound better than one with hard floors (too much echo).
 
Select a controlled and quiet recording location. Avoid noisy public locations (like restaurants, or areas near a road). If possible, eliminate background noises (turn off stereos, TV’s, fans, air circulation vents). A room with carpeting and furniture will typically sound better than one with hard floors (too much echo).
# Plug in to ac power, or use fresh AA batteris. Confirm stamina switch inside battery compartment is off.
+
# Plug in to ac power, or use fresh AA batteries. Confirm stamina switch inside battery compartment is off.
 
#Turn on recorder
 
#Turn on recorder
 
# Format card
 
# Format card
 
# Plug in headphones
 
# Plug in headphones
# Connect an external mic to recorder, press 1/2 button on the front panel. If using a condensor mic turn on Phantom Power (+48v)
+
# Connect an external mic to recorder, press 1/2 button on the front panel. If using a condenser mic turn on Phantom Power (+48v)
 
# Set to record to WAV, 48kHZ, mono, manual record levels
 
# Set to record to WAV, 48kHZ, mono, manual record levels
 
# Set the mode to Stereo
 
# Set the mode to Stereo
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===Copying Files===
 
===Copying Files===
# Connect the zoom recorder to ac power, connect provided USB cable to the computer.
+
# While the Zoom is turned OFF, connect the recorder to a computer using the included USB cable.
#Turn on the recorder, select USB mode.
+
#Turn on the recorder, select USB mode (H4n) or SD Card Reader mode (H6n).
 
#Copy files from the audio recorder to a computer as you would from a USB drive. Protect the privacy of your recordings by deleting all files on the recorder before returning equipment to Media Loan.
 
#Copy files from the audio recorder to a computer as you would from a USB drive. Protect the privacy of your recordings by deleting all files on the recorder before returning equipment to Media Loan.
#When finished click and drag the device icon to the trash before turning off the recorder.
+
#When finished, EJECT the Zoom recorder either by clicking and dragging the device icon to the trash, or by right-clicking on the device icon and selecting "Eject..."
 +
#Turn off Zoom device.
  
  
  
 
'''Get proficiency sign in sheet.'''
 
'''Get proficiency sign in sheet.'''
 
 
  
 
  [[category:Audio Recording]]
 
  [[category:Audio Recording]]
 
[[category:Audio Editing]]
 
[[category:Audio Editing]]
 
[[category:Media Workshop Outlines]]
 
[[category:Media Workshop Outlines]]

Latest revision as of 15:53, 8 October 2019

Media Loan

  • www.evergreen.edu/medialoan
  • Bring your Evergreen ID with the current quarter sticker.
  • Make a reservation for equipment, stop by Lib. 2504, or call (360) 867-6253.
  • Test and confirm all equipment is in working order before leaving Media Loan.
  • Media Loan has SEVERE LATE FINES. Return equipment on time, or call to make a renewal. Follow up with an appeal form to negate late fines.
Late Fines assessed daily, per item
Equipment valued over $250 — $20.00 per day
Equipment valued under $250 — $10.00 per day
Keys and all equipment and accessories valued over $50 — $10.00 per day
Equipment and accessories valued under $50 — $5.00 per day

Microphone Types

  • Dynamic Mics
    • Can withstand louder noises, rugged pickup elements.
    • No power needed.
  • Condenser Mics
    • More sensitive to quieter noises, and more delicate pickup elements.
      • Still capable of withstanding loud noises, but may require using a "Pad" (something to reduce the volume of the incoming signal; often located on the microphone).
    • Needs power supplied through a battery, or through phantom power (+48V) on zoom recorder.

Microphone Pickup Patterns

  • Omni: Picks up sound from all directions.
  • Cardioid: Picks up sound in front of microphone ("Directional").
    • Proximity Effect: Low frequencies are boosted as mic gets closer to the source.
  • Super-Cardioid: Picks up from front with a narrower pattern.
    • Good for blocking out unwanted sounds in the vacinity of the recording.

Microphones Categories

  • Handheld
  • Lavaliere: small clip-on microphones that attach to clothing; almost exclusively used for vocal recording.

Connector Types

The Zoom recorders make use of receptacles called "Combo Jacks" which allow the user to plug in either an XLR connector or a 1/4" connector.

  1. XLR = used at the bottom (H4n) or sides (H6n) of the recorder for use with external microphones; mic-level input signals must use these XLR connectors.
  2. 1/4" = used at the bottom (H4n) or sides (H6n) of the recorder for use with line-level and instrument-level input signals; line-level input signals must use these 1/4" connectors.
    • Examples of line-level signals: Phone, iPod, laptop.
    • Examples of instrument-level signals: Electric guitars, acoustic instruments with 1/4" outs.
  3. Mini or 1/8 inch = for headphones.

Mic Usage Tips

  • Use a stand if possible to reduce noise (table, or floor)
  • Listen for:
    • Handling noise
    • Proximity effect
    • Popped p's (aka "Plosives")
  • Signal-to-Noise Ratio
    • The closer you are to your source with your microphone the higher the signal to noise ratio
    • The further away you are from your source the more unwanted noise gets into your recording.
  • Perspective
    • Close up recordings produce isolated sounds which enhances the texture of certain objects and provides a narrow and close up perspective.
    • Recording at distances provides width and depth to your sounds which can provide clues to location, combined actions of objects, weather, ambiance, time of day, etc.

Media Loan Shopping List

  • Zoom recorder
  • Mic cables
  • Headphones
  • Extension cords (for power, if needed)
  • Mic stands: Desk stand, floor stand/boom stand, microphone handle
  • Microphones:
    • Recommended for vocal recording > SM-58, SM-57, EV RE-27, Sennheiser 421, ECM-50 Lavalier
  • Extra AA batteries

Zoom Recorder

Digital audio recorder that records to flash memory cards. No moving parts. Copy files off just like using a USB drive.


Recording Checklist for Single Narrator Recording

Select a controlled and quiet recording location. Avoid noisy public locations (like restaurants, or areas near a road). If possible, eliminate background noises (turn off stereos, TV’s, fans, air circulation vents). A room with carpeting and furniture will typically sound better than one with hard floors (too much echo).

  1. Plug in to ac power, or use fresh AA batteries. Confirm stamina switch inside battery compartment is off.
  2. Turn on recorder
  3. Format card
  4. Plug in headphones
  5. Connect an external mic to recorder, press 1/2 button on the front panel. If using a condenser mic turn on Phantom Power (+48v)
  6. Set to record to WAV, 48kHZ, mono, manual record levels
  7. Set the mode to Stereo
  8. Confirm all filter settings are turned off
  9. Make a test recording:
    1. Press Rec button once - this will go in record pause mode
    2. Test the microphone placement, confirm if you are hearing the built in mic, or the external, any crackles, or hums, room noise, too close, too far away from the sound source?
    3. Set levels - record level controls on the right of the recorder. Levels should be the loudest around -12dB
    4. Press Rec to start recording (counter will be running, record light will be solid)
    5. Listen on headphones
    6. Press Stop to stop recording
    7. Playback recording

It is recommended to record some "room tone" to be able to insert any pauses needed later in post-production.

Copying Files

  1. While the Zoom is turned OFF, connect the recorder to a computer using the included USB cable.
  2. Turn on the recorder, select USB mode (H4n) or SD Card Reader mode (H6n).
  3. Copy files from the audio recorder to a computer as you would from a USB drive. Protect the privacy of your recordings by deleting all files on the recorder before returning equipment to Media Loan.
  4. When finished, EJECT the Zoom recorder either by clicking and dragging the device icon to the trash, or by right-clicking on the device icon and selecting "Eject..."
  5. Turn off Zoom device.


Get proficiency sign in sheet.