Basic Animation 2D - Dragonframe
From Help Wiki
- 1 Getting ready
- 2 Configuring Dragonframe
- 3 Set Up Artwork
- 4 Cinematography Window
- 5 Animation Window
- Sign the Logbook.
- Set up the lab for shooting:
- Secure the pegbar to the animation stand with some paper tape and position your artwork.
- Turn on the camera and table lights.
- Set up Dragonframe - Make sure the green light is activated to know that it's on.
- Power up the computer and log in.
- Launch Dragonframe from the Dock.
- Select Create New Scene from the dialog box, or open a previously created scene with Open Scene.
- Name your production, 5 characters maximum.
- Set the Frame Rate and click OK.
- In the new window that opens browse to your desktop.
- Click New Folder and give it a name and hit Create.
- Select that folder and click Save.
- If you do not see the live camera feed from the animation stand press command R to refresh the live camera feed.
- a red outline will appear around the window signifying that live view is enabled.
- Set the frames per second for playback speed:
- 1's = 30fps
- 2's = 15fps
- 3's = 10fps
Set the Aspect Ratio for the project
- In the Animation window, click on the Guide Layers tab.
- Select Aspect Ratio Mask and choose 16:9 (rectangular), 4:3 (square) depending on the requirements for your assignment.
- Adjust the mask opacity as needed.
- Select Aspect Ratio Lines and select Outline and/or Crosshairs as needed.
- In the Aspect Ratio Mask section set the Aspect Ratio to match the 16:9 or 4:3 setting above.
Adding Grids and Overlays
Add a Grid
- Next to Composition Guides click the + to add a grid.
- Adjust the horizontal and vertical sections as needed.
- Adjust the opacity as needed.
Add a Broadcast Safe Overlay
- Next to Composition Guides click the + add a broadcast safe overlay
- Choose either 16:9 or 4:3.
- Select Action Safe and/or Title Safe.
- Adjust the opacity as needed.
Set Up Artwork
- Arrange your artwork on the table.
- Adjust the framing by moving the camera up or down the column, and position the table using the cranks.
- Check framing so that the artwork overfills the screen and make sure any content, and titles, fall within the boundaries of the Action/Title Safe reference guides.
- Turn off overhead lights.
- Check for reflections.
- Adjust polarizing filter on camera by hand.
On the Camera
- Set to Manual Mode ("M").
- Set lens to Auto Focus ("AF").
While still in the Cinematography window confirm the camera settings are:
- Picture Style - NEUTRAL
- Image Quality - LARGE FINE JPEG
- White Balance - TUNGSTEN
- External Flash - OFF
- Stretch - NONE
- Exposure Preview offset - 0
- Set the ISO dial to be 100
- Set the focus by first placing one of focus guides on the table.
- Set camera lens to either MF manual focus or AF autofocus. Focusing - Dragonframe
- Click the focus check button.
- Position the rectangle to where you want to focus.
- Double click in the rectangle box to zoom in.
- For manual focus slowly turn the focus ring on the lens until everything is sharp.
- For auto focus click the focus buttons in Dragonframe until everything is sharp.
- To zoom out, double click the rectangle box.
- When using the multi-plane, rotate the outer polarizing filter until there is a reduction in glare. Make sure you don't touch the lens with your bare fingers.
F-Stop and Shutter Speed
- Adjust the f-stop (aperture) and shutter speed dials by clicking and dragging to the right or left to adjust exposure.
- Drag the line (depth of field slider) between the f-stop and shutter speed setting to adjust both at once.
- Take a test shot after each adjustment to confirm the exposure. The Test Shot button is located underneath the camera settings of Cinematography.
- When the image is in focus, and exposed properly (not too dark, not too bright), click on the animate button to return to the Animation screen.
- Set the ISO to 100
- Set the f-stop to 2.2
- Adjust the shutter speed for the desired exposure.
- Take a test shot.
Depth of Field
- Depth of field is the zone of a photograph that is in focus
- A smaller f-stop has a narrower depth of field.
- A larger f-stop has a wider depth of field.
- When shooting flat artwork use the smallest f-stop possible. (2.2)
- When shooting 3d objects or using the multiplane adjust the f-stop to get the desired range of depth of field.
- Then adjust the shutter speed to get the desired exposure.
- Always shoot a test shot to get an accurate preview of the depth of field.
- Use the depth of field slider - the line between the shutter speed and f-stop to change the depth of field while keeping the exposure the same.
- After changes any camera settings take a set shot.
- Test shots will look better than the live view images.
- They will have better focus, exposure and depth of field.
- Click on a test shot to look at it in the view pane.
- The camera settings will be viewable in the top right corner of the Cinematography window.
- Click the camera icon below the view pane to return to live view.
- To begin capturing frames press the enter key on the numeric keypad.
- This will take a moment to transfer the still image file from the camera to the Dragonframe software.
- Do not capture frames too quickly - this will cause Dragonframe to crash and may corrupt your last captured frame. Please encourage yourself to practice patiences when working on animation in the Dragonframe software.
- Activate the hi-res button on the remote to set the playback source to preview the hi-res stills instead of the lo-res video assist images.
- To playback your captured frames press 0 on the numeric keypad,
- or use key 1 and 2 to step through frame by frame.
- Press the home button on the keyboard to go to the first frame.
Onion skinning is a technique used in animation that allows an animator to see several frames at once. Check the Onionskin article for more detail