Alt Text and Captioning
Why and Where to Provide Alt Text in your Web-based Content.
What is Alt Text?
Alt Text (or "Alternative Text") provides text-based descriptions of media content to aid people who are utilizing screen readers so that they can have a better understanding of and context for what that particular content is. A screen reader is an assistive technology available through a computer which can read digital content aloud to a user.
How to include Alt Text in Canvas
There are several ways to add image files to your Canvas site:
- by using the Images tab in the Links-Files-Images sidebar (depending on browser window size, the sidebar may show at upper right or bottom of the page)
- via the Embed Image button in the Rich Content Editor, and then the Canvas tab
- at the Files page using drag-and-drop or selecting it from your computer
- by uploading it to your own Canvas file storage
- AVOID adding image files into Modules as there is not a way to add alt text.
NOTE: The only options which allow you to add Alt Text when adding/uploading the image are:
- the Images tab in the Links-Files-Images sidebar
- the Embed Image tool
If you add images using any of the other methods, you can add alt text when you insert/embed the image into a page or activity (e.g. discussion, assignment, quiz).
Adding Alt Text From the Sidebar
Through the sidebar's Images tab you can upload image files from your computer and add alt text at the same time.
After you have selected the file for upload, you will need to include alt text in the file upload window's Alternative text field before you can click on the Upload button.
Adding Alt Text via the Embed Image Tool
When using the Embed Image tool in the Rich Content Editor, Canvas will automatically fill the "Alt text" field with the name of the file. Given file names are not always the best means for describing an image, you may need to revise this information to a more appropriate description.
For instance, the file name of the image below is kids-tech-revised.jpg, which Canvas automatically enters in the "Alt text" field.
By changing the information from a file name to a brief description of the image, you will provide users who are utilizing screen readers a better understanding of, and context for, what that particular image content is.
An example of appropriate Alt Text: One boy and two girls sitting on a couch with a smartphone, tablet, and laptop.
A Decorative Image is generally an unimportant graphic or design used only to embellish the page. If you think the image you are uploading is for decorative purposes only, check the Decorative Image box. This will allow those who are using screen readers to know it is for decoration only.
Alt Text in WordPress
Add alternative (Alt) text to images.
- In the Page or Post, click on the image once to highlight it.
- From the pop-up mini-menu, click on the Edit (pencil icon) button
- At the Image Details page, enter a description of the image in the Alternative Text field
- Click the blue Update button in the lower right corner to save.
An example of appropriate Alt Text: An image of a Pallas Cat in black, white, and grey.
Make sure that the video you link to or create includes captions or a transcript of the audio to assist screen readers.
To check if the YouTube video includes captioning, check the lower right-hand side of the screen for the CC icon.
NOTE: Make sure you check the accuracy of the captions on YouTube before you upload it to your site. YouTube includes automated captioning which can often be inaccurate in comparison to the actual audio.